In the past, physical discipline was more common.
Even to this day, because there is no law that protects people from it, it is still practiced in many homes and schools. But researchers have discovered that physical discipline, whether it’s mild or severe, can create consequences that may last a lifetime for individuals who have experienced it. Psych2Go shares with you 5 effects of physical discipline:
1. Physical Effects
Depending on the severity of the physical discipline, it’s more than just bruises, burns, and cuts. Not only is there immediate pain, but there is suffering. Physical effects of physical discipline include stuttering, sleep disruption, and can even lead to psychosomatic disorders, which is when the individual is affected by their thoughts of the pain. The physical effects may be worsened from the stress they feel, which can make it hard to heal from. In serious cases, the individual can suffer side effects, such as vomiting, seizures, paralysis, and death.
2. Emotional Effects
People often think that a little spanking never hurts anyone—perhaps, the physical pain isn’t that severe, but the emotional consequences can sometimes last for a lifetime. Emotional effects of physical discipline include excessive crying, anxiety, depression, anger and hostility, low self-esteem, self-blaming tendencies, post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and in serious cases, contemplation of suicide. People who have experienced physical discipline often struggle with developing a strong, stable sense of self-identity. They may also have difficulty separating their failures from their self-worth, because they were conditioned to believe that it is only when their performance is good that they are valuable.
3. Social Effects
When people experience physical discipline, it affects their ability to trust others. This can take a toll on the relationship they try to build because they may fear intimacy and have a hard time opening up and being vulnerable. Depending on how severe the physical discipline is, the individual may not want to be as physically close to anyone. People can blow hot and cold or unpredictable behavior to potential partners who want to offer love and support. Since they can suffer from low self-esteem, if not careful, they may also end up in physically and/or emotionally abusive relationships and have a difficult time leaving them.
4. Health Effects
Health effects of physical discipline potentially include a higher risk of developing heart, liver, or lung problems, cancer, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, obesity, eating disorders, and drug and alcohol abuse. People who have experienced physical discipline may develop these health problems because of the stress or trauma they face. For instance, they may develop eating disorders from the anxiety or self-image issues that come from physical discipline or try to numb or escape feelings of hopelessness and depression by using drugs and alcohol. It’s unfortunate, but depending on the severity, to the individual, self-sabotage doesn’t compare to the pain they’ve felt from the infliction of pain from their parents.
5. Academic & Occupational Effects
Children who experience physical discipline may develop problems paying attention (ADHD), lower cognitive and language skills, and lack of motivation to do work. People who experience severe physical discipline may end up staying back in school and repeating grades or dropping out of school. As they enter adulthood, they may have difficulty completing daily tasks in work and jump from job to job without finding a purpose or meaning to commit.
Do you struggle with these effects of physical discipline? We understand the harsh reality of it and recovery can be a slow, painful journey.