Conscientiousness – I Heart Intelligence.com https://iheartintelligence.com Thu, 09 May 2019 12:52:33 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.3.2 https://iheartintelligence.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/cropped-IHI-square-32x32.png Conscientiousness – I Heart Intelligence.com https://iheartintelligence.com 32 32 Personality Types And Well-Being: A Guide To Happiness https://iheartintelligence.com/personality-types-well-being-guide-to-happiness/ Thu, 09 May 2019 12:52:33 +0000 https://iheartintelligence.com/?p=44710 The post Personality Types And Well-Being: A Guide To Happiness appeared first on I Heart Intelligence.com.

Personality Types And Well-Being: A Guide To Happiness

We all need to feel joy in our lives. But which personality types are more likely to be happy? This is a vital question to ask because it can help us develop some aspects of our well-being over others. Here we will take a look at the personality types each of us should cultivate as […]

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Personality Types And Well-Being: A Guide To Happiness

We all need to feel joy in our lives. But which personality types are more likely to be happy?

This is a vital question to ask because it can help us develop some aspects of our well-being over others.

Here we will take a look at the personality types each of us should cultivate as a shortcut for a happier life.

In a recent study conducted by the University of Pennsylvania, the University of California, and the University of Melbourne, researchers studied more than 700 participants, to search for the links between their personalities and well-being.

The personality questions covered the ten aspects of the Big Five:

1. Openness:

People who enjoy learning new things and like to dive into new experiences normally score high in openness. Openness includes traits like being imaginative and insightful and having a broad variety of interests.

2. Extraversion:

Being friendly, enthusiastic, and sociable. Also being assertive and able to dominate social situations.

3. Conscientiousness:

People with a high level of conscientiousness are reliable and prompt. Traits include being methodic, organized, and rigorous.

4. Agreeableness:

Being compassionate, caring, emphatic, and respectful.

5. Neuroticism:

Sometimes also called Emotional Stability. It relates to one’s emotional stability and degree of negative emotions. People with high scores on neuroticism often experience negative emotions and emotional instability and are more prone to being moody and tense.

The researchers’ questions reflected the three scientific measurements of well being capturing multiple versions of the good life. They asked everything ranging from questions about general satisfaction with life, to experience a sense of purpose and meaning, to having warm and loving relationships, to feeling in control of their destinies.

Dr. Scott Barry Kaufman, co-author of the study, writing for Scientific American, said: “Out of the 10 personality aspects we looked at, 5 were broadly related to well-being, 2 showed more limited links to well being, and 3 aspects of personality were just not predictive of well-being”

Dr. Kaufman concludes:

“If anything, I think these findings are optimistic (maybe it’s because of my high levels of enthusiasm). For one, it highlights that there are multiple routes to well-being. But less well recognized, it also highlights that there are multiple personality profiles that can get you there. The standard story is that well-being is all about extraversion and emotional stability. But these findings show the importance of including a broader array of personality traits, and leaving open possibilities for individual changes in personality as well as cultural interventions that can help all people increase their happiness by influencing their patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors.”

The takeaway:

No matter our personality type, thanks to new breakthroughs in psychology we can now begin improving and cultivating the personality traits we are missing.

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Facebook Users May Be Narcissists – But At Least They Are Happy https://iheartintelligence.com/facebook-users/ Fri, 20 Jan 2017 14:41:51 +0000 https://iheartintelligence.com/?p=24817 The post Facebook Users May Be Narcissists – But At Least They Are Happy appeared first on I Heart Intelligence.com.

Facebook Users May Be Narcissists - But At Least They're Happy

We all know that people who over-indulge in social media can skew toward the narcissistic. Study after study has proven this. Also, we can see it with our eyes. However, recent research shows that our image of the self-absorbed selfie taker may not capture the whole truth. A study published in PLOS One has found that the personality […]

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The post Facebook Users May Be Narcissists – But At Least They Are Happy appeared first on I Heart Intelligence.com.

Facebook Users May Be Narcissists - But At Least They're Happy

We all know that people who over-indulge in social media can skew toward the narcissistic. Study after study has proven this. Also, we can see it with our eyes. However, recent research shows that our image of the self-absorbed selfie taker may not capture the whole truth.

A study published in PLOS One has found that the personality and mental health differences between Facebook users and non-users may be more complex than we previously thought. In spite of their self-absorption and need for approval, Facebook users may actually be the happier group.

In their study of nearly 1,000 participants, researchers found, predictably, that subjects who used Facebook had higher levels of extraversion and narcissism than non-users. What surprised the researchers were their scores in other areas.

Facebook users scored higher than non-users in measures of of subjective happiness, social support, and self-esteem. They were also judged to have a higher level of overall life satisfaction.

Another surprising discovery can be seen in what wasn’t different between the two groups.  The “big five” traits – conscientiousness, agreeableness, neuroticism, extraversion, and open-mindedness – are considered by many psychologists to form the basis of personality. With the exception of extraversion, the users and non-users showed no significant difference when it came to these traits. This implies that social media use (or non-use) does not relate to our inherent personality. It has more to do with our chosen lifestyle.

In an interview with PsyPost, the study’s corresponding author, Julia Brailovskaia of Ruhr-Universität Bochum, discussed the implications of this study. Although she acknowledged that more research still needs to be done regarding social media and mental health, she saw these findings as a potential bright spot for those who struggle with building social support. “Considering the large potential of Facebook in providing social support and satisfying the need to belong, the use of this platform could be especially meaningful to people without offline social support. Unlike to face-to-face interaction, in online interactions users can take time to think through their course of action and practice managing stressful situations to develop appropriate, resilient behavior.”

However, she is quick to highlight the limitations of the study and its findings. As Brailovskaia emphasizes, there is still much work to be done before we can declare social media use “healthy.” “In our study, we did not investigate online behavior. We only compared users and non-users of Facebook. In future studies, it would be advisable to focus on the association between activities on Facebook, e.g., social interaction, and life satisfaction or depression and anxiety symptoms.” As she goes on to clarify, “Our results cannot answer the following question:

Does Facebook use help to improve mental health making its users more resistant against e.g., depression?

If this was the case, it would be beneficial to integrate the use of Facebook into prevention programs for mental health. However, such assumptions would also suggest that traits such as narcissism increase with Facebook use. Some authors of earlier studies have already expressed this concern emphasizing that especially younger users of platforms like Facebook show increased narcissism value.”

So – what can we take away from this? As with most activities, I believe the answer to be in moderation. Indulge in social media if it makes you happy to do so. Don’t, however, get so caught up in it that it becomes an addiction. Don’t lose yourself in an online simulation of your life and miss out on the real thing.

The study, “Comparing Facebook Users and Facebook Non-Users: Relationship between Personality Traits and Mental Health Variables – An Exploratory Study“, was co-authored by Julia Brailovskaia and Jürgen Margraf.

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Too Smart For Your Own Good: 6 Downsides of Being Highly Intelligent https://iheartintelligence.com/being-highly-intelligent/ Fri, 25 Nov 2016 07:22:15 +0000 https://iheartintelligence.com/?p=22718 The post Too Smart For Your Own Good: 6 Downsides of Being Highly Intelligent appeared first on I Heart Intelligence.com.

Too Smart For Your Own Good: 6 Downsides of Being Highly Intelligent

In the classic novel Crime and Punishment, Fyodor Dostoyevsky writes, “It takes something more than intelligence to act intelligently.” The quote might seem a bit cryptic, but those who are highly intelligent understand exactly what the author means. Intelligence, it seems, does have its downsides, and they are rather surprising. Over 100 responses to a Quora inquiry last […]

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Too Smart For Your Own Good: 6 Downsides of Being Highly Intelligent

In the classic novel Crime and Punishment, Fyodor Dostoyevsky writes, “It takes something more than intelligence to act intelligently.”

The quote might seem a bit cryptic, but those who are highly intelligent understand exactly what the author means.

Intelligence, it seems, does have its downsides, and they are rather surprising.

Over 100 responses to a Quora inquiry last year culminated in 6 consistent problems of people with extremely high intelligence; six ways, that is, where highly intelligent people are actually too smart for their own good.

1) You know how much you don’t know.

Highly intelligent people have an appreciation of their own understanding -and lack thereof- that their less-intelligent counterparts do not. They know that they will never know everything, about everything, and they know this simply because they exercise their capacity for understanding. People who don’t tend to be happier with what they do know. It’s another way of saying “ignorance is bliss”: if you can’t reason what you don’t know it’s not going to bother you that you don’t know it.

Highly intelligent people can understand that they don’t, and never will, know everything about everything or really, everything about anything. This can be immensely frustrating to those who fall prey to it. A widely-cited study by Justin Kruger and David Dunning extracts the truth behind this phenomenon.

2) Highly intelligent people tend to overthink.

The problem with overthinking is tied closely to the problem of knowing you’ll never know everything. Overthinking is a product of rumination and worrying, and a dominant characteristic of highly intelligent people. Being overly thoughtful, analytical and concerned with certain subject matter leads to overthinking, which is frustrating and anxiety-inducing.

This study conducted in 2015 found an explicit link between overthinking and verbal intelligence.

3) Highly intelligent people tend to correct others in casual conversation.

Often in conversation that isn’t meant to be analyzed for accuracy, highly intelligent people find themselves at a bit of a socially awkward situation. People don’t like to be corrected in general, and highly intelligent people come across as fussy or even offensive in trying to clarify statements during casual conversation. This site highlights some of the ways this happens in social situations.

4) They don’t necessarily develop perseverance.

People who are extremely intelligent often don’t have to work as hard as others do in order to accomplish the same goals. While this might seem like yet another bonus for being super-smart, it leads to the development of a poor work ethic. This means that when challenges do arise for the intellectually gifted, they don’t know how to really throw a concentrated effort at successfully overcoming them.

A 2004 study showed the correlation between conscientiousness -in other words, how hard you’re willing to work- and intelligence is in fact a negative one.

5) Performance pressure and panic.

Similarly to #4, high intelligence marks you as  top performer, so  others anticipate that you will always be achieving at a high level. This creates a kind of double-edged sword for the highly intelligent: you feel that you must always perform at the highest possible level, which creates an intense amount of stress, and when you don’t, you feel that you let others down who anticipate your constant success and achievement. Additionally, you feel panicked about not always performing at the highest level, which creates even more stress. Psychology Today discusses this as the “burden of potential” in this excerpt.

6) Talking about instead of actually expressing your feelings.

Highly intelligent people are often extremely good at honing in on and articulating how they are feeling…to their detriment. Instead of actually expressing how they feel, highly intelligent people are more likely to describe it in words. As one respondent to the Quora inquiry -which was, in fact, “When does intelligence become a curse?”- stated, “Less articulate people tend to vent through physicality. They yell, punch, kick, run, scream, sob, dance, jump for joy… I explain. And when I’m done explaining, everything I’ve explained is still stuck inside me, only now it has a label on it.”

Some research indicates that this is actually true, at least in the workplace. The studies show that an increased level of emotional intelligence makes up for a decreased level of cognitive function.It appears that people who are incredibly intelligent don’t have to rely on emotional skills as much, at least not at work.

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Science Confirms Benefits of LSD https://iheartintelligence.com/science-benefits-lsd/ Fri, 14 Oct 2016 08:53:24 +0000 https://iheartintelligence.com/?p=17518 The post Science Confirms Benefits of LSD appeared first on I Heart Intelligence.com.

Science Confirms Benefits of LSD

Over fifty years ago random, covert and often dangerous experiments  with LSD were conducted by the CIA. The subjects were unwitting American civilians and military personnel and the outcomes could fuel your worst nightmare. Nonetheless, many of these chaotic experiences, in addition to the hippie culture’s evangelized reports, informed our perceptions. “Intelligence is sexy” t-shirt?! […]

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Science Confirms Benefits of LSD

Science Confirms Benefits of LSD

Over fifty years ago random, covert and often dangerous experiments  with LSD were conducted by the CIA.

The subjects were unwitting American civilians and military personnel and the outcomes could fuel your worst nightmare. Nonetheless, many of these chaotic experiences, in addition to the hippie culture’s evangelized reports, informed our perceptions.
“Intelligence is sexy” t-shirt?!

Until now that is, since recent double blind studies conducted by respected scientists offer truly remarkable outcomes. To understand the effects of LSD we need  wrap our mind around a paradox. Measured psychological effects run the range of positive, negative, mystical and strange.

The short term experiences from a single dose administered to healthy adults consistently included a psychosis-like altered state.  Mid to long term experiences (more than one year), however, reported a heightened sense of well being. This past February, scientists and psychiatrists at the Imperial College, London, published results that noted the greater benefit being an improved quality of cognition. This “loosened cognition” afforded the participants more flexibility in their sense of Openness.
Inside The Institute Of Illegals Images: Over A Millions Hits Of LSD On Display

There are five measureable domains of  our personality:  Neuroticism, Extroversion, Openness, Agreeableness and Conscientiousness. Openness includes aesthetic appreciation, creativity, and imagination. More flexibility in Openness translated to a broader sense of interconnectedness with all people and things, a sort of transcendence of their former beliefs.

Commonly identified as the mystical experience of LSD, earlier research (2011) uncovered the same increase in one’s personality domain known as Openness. Though personality traits are relatively enduring and fairly stable by age 30,  similar experiments resulted in long term changes in behaviors, attitudes and values at least 40-50% of the time. Despite consistent short-term psychosis-like events, participants described a greater sense of peace and joy that were elevated from previous patterns of thinking, feeling and acting.
Could MDMA Save Relationships?

Will this lead to clinical benefits? Treatment for  issues of depression, addiction and end-of-life anxiety are being explored.  But if you’re curious for anecdotal, personal experience, you might enjoy this amazing  narrative,  or this brief highlight by pioneering neurologist Oliver Sacks.  

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There Are Only 5 Types Of People In The World According To Psychologists. Which One Are You? https://iheartintelligence.com/people-psychologists/ Wed, 16 Mar 2016 14:15:06 +0000 https://iheartintelligence.com/?p=16264 The post There Are Only 5 Types Of People In The World According To Psychologists. Which One Are You? appeared first on I Heart Intelligence.com.

There Are Only 5 Types Of People In The World According To Psychologists. Which One Are You?

The Five-Factor Personality model has attracted an immense amount of interest recently. Some say that this new system of personality modeling replaces the older, well-known Myers-Briggs personality testing system in ways that are increasingly universalized and more efficient. Others say that the test only applies to certain societies. What’s the big deal about this new […]

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The post There Are Only 5 Types Of People In The World According To Psychologists. Which One Are You? appeared first on I Heart Intelligence.com.

There Are Only 5 Types Of People In The World According To Psychologists. Which One Are You?

The Five-Factor Personality model has attracted an immense amount of interest recently.

Some say that this new system of personality modeling replaces the older, well-known Myers-Briggs personality testing system in ways that are increasingly universalized and more efficient.

Others say that the test only applies to certain societies. What’s the big deal about this new system and why do we even need one? And most importantly, where do YOU fall in the Big Five?

First of all, the Myers-Briggs test -developed by venerated personality psychologist Carl Jung and Isabel Myers-Briggs – has been sharply criticized of late. And by “of late” I mean “for the past three decades”. Psychologists have shown that problems with the Myers-Briggs test are not insubstantial, attacking its reliability to the exclusivity of its results to its relative uselessness in determination of personality for type of work…despite its heavy use -thanks to excellent marketing- by employers in evaluating potential employees.

So the old test is shot through of holes. So what? What’s so important about personality anyway?

Well. Your personality is basically everything about who you are, so…yeah. It’s pretty important. And where the Myers-Briggs test fails, the Big Five is more efficient and demonstrates consistent results across race, age, ethnic group and nationality.

While the Myers-Briggs tests sorts participants into different personality “types” -kind of like a Jungian sorting hat- the Big Five model shows areas of strengths and weakness across its factors. Those factors -Openness to Experience, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, and Neuroticism- are simply that: factors in determining the participant’s personality. There’s no cut-and-dried “typing”, which is helpful, as while I can think of plenty of people who might test highly for Neuroticism, I can think of no one who would want that to be their hard-and-fast personality “type”.

The Big Five allows for a degree of flexibility never achieved with the Myers-Briggs test because it accounts for factors that might seem self-cancelling under other testing methods, such as a person showing introverted traits in one area of their personality and extraverted traits in another.

Like any psychological testing system, though, it has its own flaws. The modeling seems highly functional across educated, more affluent cultures, but trying to use the modeling in indigenous cultures has, in its limited application, proved nearly impossible. The Five Factor Model applies, it would seem, more cohesively only in more highly-industrialized populations in more developed societies with greater access to higher education.

So how do you figure out where you fall in the Big Five?

Click here to take the test now; with only 41 questions it takes just a few minutes (compared to the 116+ questions on the Myers-Briggs). You can even decide whether or not to share your results with the scientific community.

While it’s an incorrect conclusion to say there are now only five personality “types” that’s probably just us journalists getting carried away with exciting research. The really exciting part is that there aren’t really five personality types because we all test with nuances and differences that are ascribed to who we uniquely are.

(This author, by the way, tested highly for extraversion, agreeableness and openness to experience, and low for neuroticism and conscientiousness.)
References: myersbriggs.org

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